list includes 4,348 Irish settlers in the country. The major source
used to compile the list was Eduardo Coghlan's Los Irlandeses
en la Argentina: Su Actuación y Descendencia (Buenos Aires,
1987), a genealogical catalogue detailing the origins in Ireland,
as well as the immigrants' descendants in the River Plate or elsewhere.
Entries in Coghlan's book are arranged alphabetically by male immigrant
(3,667 family heads). Major Sources: Coghlan (1982), The
Southern Cross, The Standard, Handbook of the River Plate, The
Story of the Irish Race (MacManus, Seumas, New York: 1921),
The History of Ireland from the earliest period to the present
time (Haverty, Martin, New York, 1857), Irish Pedigrees or
the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation (O’Hart, John, New York,
1923), Irish families; their names, arms, and origins (MacLysght,
Edward, New York: Crown Publishers, 1972), More Irish families
(MacLysght, Edward, Galway: O'Gorman, 1960), Murray (1919), and
Registro de Marcas de Hacienda de la Provincia de Buenos Aires
(Parle, Estevan, Liverpool: Brown & Rawcliffe, 1885), as well
as wills, church and civil records, family private documents and
interviews. Eduardo Coghlan (1912-1997) was the most notable Irish-Argentine
genealogist, and Los Irlandeses en la Argentina is his masterpiece.
select the entries of this list, several criteria have been used.
The list includes those persons who were born in Ireland and who
emigrated temporarily or permanently to Argentina or Uruguay, independently
of the country where they died. Unless otherwise stated by Coghlan,
persons bearing forenames in Spanish are excluded as they are presumably
born in the River Plate (not included if English equals Spanish,
e. gr. David, Julia). If included by Coghlan, the spouse's family
name has been added (83% of occurrences). Record repetitions have
been eliminated from this table, and cross-references are included
in the source database for consultation. Place names, both in Ireland
and Argentina, have been standardized to allow demographic counts.
is the difference between this list and the Irish
Passengers to Argentina 1822-1929? Theoretically, a majority
of the immigrants in the list of Irish Settlers in Argentina
(4,348 records) should be included in the list of Irish Passengers
to Argentina (7,159 records). However, there are several exceptions
due to the lack of arrival information in the Argentine public records.
Conversely, many immigrants in the Irish Passengers to Argentina
list who settled in the country are not included in the Irish
Settlers to Argentina list. The major reasons for this are that,
to a certain extent, Coghlan included in his 1987 genealogical catalogue
those Irish settlers who (i) were recorded in 1869 or 1895 censuses,
and (ii) who had children. As Patrick McKenna explains, his book
'records only those migrants who left some record of their presence
in their new country. It is a record of residuals. From a Darwinian
perspective, Coghlan records only the fittest who went on to reproduce'
[McKenna, Patrick, Nineteenth Century Irish Emigration to, and
Settlement in, Argentina (St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, Co.
Kildare: MA Geography Thesis, 1994, p. 36].
Demographic Profiles of the Irish Settlers in Argentina
The source database used to build the list of Irish Settlers in
Argentina allows some demographic analysis, which will be
summarily described below. Since the database is not a
representative sample of the universe of immigrants, the results of
this analysis should not be extrapolated to the entire population of
Irish emigrants to Argentina. Such a procedure would generate
invalid assumptions. During the nineteenth century, forty to
forty-five thousand Irish emigrants arrived in Argentina, and it is
estimated that about twenty thousand of them settled in the country,
while the others re-emigrated to North America, Australia, Ireland,
or other destinations. Among the twenty thousand settlers, ten to
fifteen thousand died without issue or broke their links to the
local Irish community. Therefore, the nucleus of the Irish-Argentine
community was developed with only four to five thousand settlers.
'While Coghlan records cover about 15-20% of the total estimated
Irish emigration, it is not a random sample of the emigrants who
originally left Ireland for Argentina in the nineteenth century,
many of them only settling there for a short period before moving
elsewhere in the Americas' [McKenna 1994, op. cit.]. Hence,
the following demographic analysis is valid for this segment only.