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Timeline of the Irish in Latin America
By Edmundo Murray
I - II
● First official
hurling match in Argentina, sponsored by the Buenos Aires Hurling Club
(local branch of the GAA), which is presided by James P. Harte (1900).
Bulfin's Tales of the Pampas published in London by Fisher &
● Aníbal Duffy
from Carmen de Areco founds Duffy town in Santa Fe (1900).
● St. Patrick's
Day is celebrated by 9,000 Irish-Argentines pilgrims in Luján basilica
(17 March 1901).
● The building of
Azcuénaga chapel opens with the support of Elena Ham (1902).
● First class of
students graduated from the Passionist Congregation in St. Paul's
Monastery in General Sarmiento (1904).
McCarthy (1871-1963) of Cashel, Co. Tipperary, is hired by Club
Atlético Gimnasia y Esgrima of Buenos Aires to train its players. He
was also coach of Boca Juniors, referee of the Argentine Association
Football League during eighteen years, and one of the first
professional boxers in Argentina (1904).
● Roger Casement
(1864-1916) is appointed British consular official in Brazil. Casement
sent to the western Amazon to investigate treatment of the local
Indian population by the Peruvian Amazon Company
Nelson (1859-1931) launches the Hibernian-Argentine Review
● After sixteen
years trying to recover from financial losses, the entrepreneur
Eduardo Casey commits suicide in Buenos Aires (1906).
railway station and town are founded in Bragado (1906).
● Tomás Mullally
founds Realicó, in La Pampa (1907).
● Eduardo Pedro
Maguire, one of the most important landowners in Argentina, and Kate
Murray found Maguire railway station in Pergamino (1907).
● Lovat Ashe
Mulcahy founds Mulcahy in 9 de Julio (1909).
● John James
Murphy (1822-1909) of Wexford dies in Buenos Aires. He emigrated in
1844 and became one of the wealthiest Irish settlers in Argentina
● John Lalor
(1860-1931) establishes his cattle auctioneer business in Buenos Aires
● The republican
is edited by Patrick MacManus (1910).
MacManus launches Fianna, a nationalistic newspaper addressed
to Irish Argentines (1911).
● Following the
Anglo-Argentine support to the British forces in the World War I,
several Irish-Argentines enrol in the British Army. Pedro Ricardo
Meehan (1890-1972), and Gerald I. N. Deane (1886-1962) serve in the
Royal Air Force (1914).
● During the
Easter Rising, Argentine-born Eamon Bulfin (1892-1968), son of the
writer William Bulfin, rises the Irish flag in Dublin's Post Office
building. After the surrender, his death sentence is pardoned owing to
his Argentine citizenship but he is expelled from the British Isles.
Later Eamon de Valera will appoint Bulfin as the first diplomatic
representative of Ireland in Buenos Aires (1916).
● The size of the
Irish-Argentine community is estimated on 30,000 for the city of
Buenos Aires and 80,000 outside the city, in the whole Republic
● Thomas Murray's
The Story of the Irish in Argentina is published in New York by
P.J. Kenedy & Sons. The book's reception in Argentina is rather cold
but it elicits some articles in Ireland (1919).
● The Irish flag
is shown for the first time in Buenos Aires during a demonstration of
Irish-Argentines and "friends of the Irish freedom", who rallied
through the streets up to Plaza de Mayo (1920).
● The "Irish Race
Congress in South America" is held in Buenos Aires with over 50
delegates. A grant is established to students of Spanish in the
National University of Ireland (1921).
● Frank W. Egan
is the Irish Republic representative in Chile (1921).
● After his
mission in South Africa,
Patrick J. Little is sent to Argentina, Brazil and Chile as the
diplomatic envoy of the Irish Free State (1921).
● Hurling Club
opens. First Hurling Championship won by The Wanderers,
seconded by the Capilla Boys (1922).
● Benito Lynch's
inglés de los güesos
published in Buenos Aires (1922).
● New wave of
Irish emigration to Argentina owing to social upheaval in Ireland,
particularly young professionals and employees from Cork and Dublin,
some with Church of Ireland background (1923).
● Tomás Keating
founds Keating town in Chacabuco, Castilla railway station
● The Argentine
polo team wins a Gold Medal in the Olympic Games in Paris. Two of the
four players are the Irish Argentines Juan Nelson and Arturo Kenny
● The Passionist
Sisters arrive in Buenos Aires and found the Michael Ham Memorial
College for girls (1926).
● Juan Santos
Gaynor (1905-1963) graduates in Theology in Rome (1929).
● Juan O'Leary's
El héroe del Paraguay published in Asunción (1930).
Healy (1894-1982), a chemist from Galway who was teaching in the
English High School since 1928, opens St. Cyran's School of Buenos
Peart's Tia Barbarita: Memories of Barbara Peart published in
Houghton Mifflin (1934).
Kavanagh in Buenos Aires, the tallest building in Latin America at
the time of its completion, is commissioned by
Corina Cavanagh (b1910), daughter of Juan
José Cavanagh and Luisa Juana MacKeon (1934).
Furlong, S.J. (1889-1974) is appointed member of the national academy
of history. Fr. Furlong is a prolific historian and geographer, who
published over 2,000 studies - including more than 100 books - on
music, libraries, architecture, mathematics, medicine, and natural
● Carlos Viván
"El Irlandesito" (born Miguel Rice Tracy) publishes his tango
Moneda de cobre, with lyrics by Horacio Sanguinetti (1942).
● Edelmiro Juan
is sworn Argentine President after leading a
pro-Axe military coup d'état. General Farrell will be fundamental on
the rise of Juan D. Perón to the highest office
Nevin's You'll Never Go Back published in Boston by Bruce
Humphries. The manuscript was completed by her sister Winnie (1946).
Irish commercial mission led by L.H. Kerney visits Argentina to buy
wheat. A chargé d'affaires, Matthew Murphy, is appointed latter in the
Maria Elena Walsh's Otoño imperdonable published in Buenos
Newman school of the Christian Brothers opens in Buenos Aires (1948).
Half of the players in the Argentine hockey team in the Olympic Games
in London are from the Hurling Club. Since the 1930s, in the Hurling
Club there is a transference from hurling to hockey (1948).
● James M.
Ussher's Father Fahy: a Biography of Anthony Dominic Fahy, O.P.,
Irish Missionary in
is published in Buenos Aires.
Juan O'Gorman completes the painting of the Central Library in the
campus of Universidad Autónoma de Mexico, covering 4,000 square meters
of historical scenes (1953).
Brothers' Stella Maris school opens in Montevideo with Br. Patrick
Kelly as the first schoolmaster (1955).
McGovern is the first Irish Argentine to be appointed to the Argentine
mission in Dublin (1955).
Rodolfo Walsh's Operación Masacre published in Buenos Aires
Edmundo O'Gorman's La invención de América published in Mexico
● The Horan
Report is received in Dublin from the Irish
chargé d'affaires in Buenos Aires,
J. Siejes is appointed first honorary consul of Ireland in Rio de
Janeiro. Later, Padraig de Paor is the first non-resident Irish
ambassador accredited to Brazil (1964).
The Irish mission in Buenos Aires is upgraded to embassy-level.
Michael Leo Skentelberry is appointed the first ambassador (1964).
Ernesto "Che" Guevara Lynch lands in Shannon airport with other
officers of the Cuban government. His Irish links go six generations
back to Patrick Lynch of Co. Galway, who arrived in 1749 in South
The Irish-Argentine Miguel Fitzgerald (b. 1926) flies twice to the
Falkland Islands as an act of Argentine sovereignty (1964, 1968).
Eduardo F. McLoughlin (b. 1918), a former Argentine Air Force
officer, is appointed Argentine ambassador to Britain (1966).
John Joseph Scanlan opens St. Brendan's College in Buenos Aires
Christian Brothers John Johnson, Dominic Sanpietro and James Barry
take over the school Mundo Mejor in Lima, Peru (1969).
● Luis Alberto
Murray's Pro y contra de Sarmiento published in Buenos Aires
Irish trade mission led by Robin Bury visits São Paulo and Rio de
Janeiro. The Irish diplomatic mission is established in Brazil (1975).
The Massacre at St. Patrick: in San Patricio parish church of Buenos
Aires, a navy death squad kills five members of the Pallotine
community, including Alfie Kelly (parish priest), Alfredo Leaden,
Eduardo Dufau, Emilio Barletti and Salvador Barbeito (1976).
Writer and journalist Rodolfo Walsh (1927-1977) dies in a military
Irish embassy is established in Mexico (1977).
● John Walter
Maguire's La pezuña de oro published in Buenos Aires (1980).
● Hilda Sabato
and Juan Carlos Korol's Cómo fue la inmigración irlandesa a la
Argentina published by Plus Ultra in Buenos Aires (1981).
● John Brabazon's
memoirs are published in Spanish by Eduardo Coghlan, Andanzas de un
irlandés por el campo porteño (1982).
● During the
and Irish-Argentine soldiers fight in both sides of the conflict.
Translation is one particularly skilled service rendered by many Irish
Argentines. In the European Commission,
supports the removal of economic sanctions on Argentina (1982).
● Eduardo A.
Coghlan's Los Irlandeses en
Actuación y Descendencia
is published in Buenos Aires. The volume includes more than 4,000
Irish-Argentine families and their ancestors (1987).
● Maria Elena
Walsh's Novios de Antaño published in Buenos Aires. A chapter
includes family letters
describing the life of Anglo-Irish railway workers in 1880s Argentina
Kirby's Ireland and Latin America: Links and Lessons published
by Trócaire in Dublin (1992).
● Juan José
published in Buenos Aires (1994).
Associação Brasileira de Estudos Irlandeses at the University of São
Paulo publishes the first issue of ABEI Journal: The Brazilian
Journal of Irish Studies, edited by Munira H. Mutran and Laura P.Z.
● Martin Greene,
first resident ambassador of Ireland to Brazil arrives in Brasilia
● Two thousand
Argentines with Irish ancestry submit a petition to the Irish
government demanding Irish nationality based on ius sanguinis
Cribbin O.M.I., of Shanagolden, Co. Limerick, is awarded honorary
citizenship of Rio de Janeiro for his 40-years missionary work in
● IRA members
Niall Connolly, Martin McCauley and James Monaghan are sentenced to 17
years after an appeal court in Colombia which found them guilty of
training FARC guerrillas (December 2004).
550 - 1890s
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