Eduardo A. Coghlan
(The Southern Cross, Número del Centenario)
and civil servant, was born on 29 October 1912 in the province of Corrientes, Argentina, the son of Patricio Coghlan (1883-1952) and María Dolores,
daughter of Miguel Jantus and Arcelia Baigorri. Patricio Coghlan,
the only son of Joseph Coghlan (1853-1892) of Ballylarkin, Co.
Wicklow, and Elisa Byrne (d. 1884), was a notary public and
landowner. Joseph Coghlan's father Patrick was first cousin to
John Coghlan (1824-1890), civil engineer who built the drinking
water and sewage systems of Buenos Aires.
Coghlan graduated in 1937 at the school of law in the university of Buenos Aires.
After graduation he was appointed as Director of Statistics in
Mendoza Province, then Director of the Institute of
Transportation Economic Studies in 1944, Director of the
National School Census in 1945, and Director of Population and
Housing at the National Census in 1947. As a lawyer, Coghlan was appointed to the Federal Court
of Buenos Aires in 1957 and retired as a judge in 1978.
President of the Argentine Genealogical Institute in 1979-1980.
He was vice-president of the Irish Argentine Federation
and member of the Irish Catholic Association.
Eduardo Coghlan contributed articles to the Review of the
River Plate, The Southern Cross and La Nación
December 1945 Eduardo Coghlan married Margarita, daughter of
José Jaime O'Farrell and his wife Margarita Imelda Duggan.
had the opportunity to visit Ireland but many Irish Argentines
who did are in his debt as his researches enabled them
to pinpoint their Irish relations and often the very farm
and house from which their great-grandparents left
for Argentina. Eduardo Coghlan did not engage in self-promotion
although he made himself generously available to all who
wished to call on his knowledge of the Irish in Argentina.
He cooperated closely with Bill Meek of RTE who, in 1987,
visited Argentina and who made a successful radio documentary
series on the Irish Argentines. [...] We are all in Eduardo's
debt for the detailed and painstaking research he did
over a life-time on thousands of Irish emigrants
and their descendants from the date of their arrival in
Argentina through the succeeding generations. His work
will ensure that the Latin-American component of the Irish
Diaspora is recorded for posterity" (obituary in
the Irish Times, 2 March 1998). Eduardo
Coghlan died on 1 August 1997 in Buenos
Coghlan published Fundadores
de la Segunda Epoca: los irlandeses (Buenos Aires,
1967), Los irlandeses (Buenos Aires, 1970), Orígenes
y evolución de la colectividad hiberno-argentina in:
'The Southern Cross', Número del Centenario (Buenos Aires,
1975), Andanzas de un Irlandés en el Campo Porteño
1845-1864 (Buenos Aires: Ediciones Culturales
1981), El Aporte de los Irlandeses a la Formación de
la Nación Argentina (Buenos Aires, 1982), and
Los Irlandeses en la Argentina: Su Actuación y Descendencia
(Buenos Aires, 1987). In 1987 the Irish Ministry
of Foreign Affairs approved the purchase of copies of
Eduardo Coghlan's catalogue 'to be distributed to institutions
abroad' (Dáil Éireann 1988).
Los Irlandeses en la Argentina (1987) is a 963-pages genealogical catalogue of the Irish-Argentine community,
including 4,349 Irish-born emigrants to Argentina and most of
their families up to the third and sometimes fourth and fifth
generations. The book includes an alphabetical index, two
introductory articles, the genealogies, cattle brands of Irish
ranchers, an essay on genealogy by Félix F. Martin y Herrera,
and depictions of Irish family arms. Sometimes there is a
tendency to select landowners and professionals, disregarding
less fortunate Irish settlers like cattle hands and labourers.
For this reason there is little information about return
migration and re-emigration to other countries. However, it is a
unique piece of research throughout the Irish Diaspora and an
indispensable source for students of the Irish in Argentina.
Several entries of this Dictionary of Irish Latin American
Biography include Coghlan's catalogue as one of their
Rev. 8 February
- MacLoughlin, Guillermo,
The forgotten people The Irish
in Argentina and other South American countries: In memory
of Edward A. Coghlan in: "The Scattering Ireland and the
Irish Diaspora: A Comparative Perspective" (University
College Cork, 24-27 September 1997).
- Coghlan, Eduardo A.,
Los Irlandeses en la Argentina:
Su Actuación y Descendencia (Buenos Aires, 1987),
- The Irish
Times, obituary, 2 March 1998.
- Dáil Éireann, Volume 377, 02 February
1988, Written Answers, Grant Payments.